What is Nephrotic Syndrome?
Nephrotic syndrome is not a disease in itself; instead, it results in a group of symptoms that indicate kidney disease, damage to the filters of the kidneys where the blood is filtered, and the excretion of too much protein from the body.
The small blood vessels in the kidneys constantly work to eliminate waste and other substances from the blood. The filtered waste is then transferred to your bladder and leaves your body in the form of the urine, eventually. Such vessels of the kidneys are known to be the glomeruli, which helps essential nutrients to stay in the blood and remove the digestion waste. When the kidneys are damaged, they get unable to retain protein in the body. This is called nephrotic syndrome.
Along with protein excretion, the other conditions that mark the nephrotic syndrome are:
- Low levels of protein in the blood
- High levels of fat and cholesterol in your blood
- Swelling in your legs, feet, ankles, or hands
Who are at the risk of nephrotic syndrome?
There is no ambiguity in the fact that anyone can have nephrotic syndrome, but most of the cases come from men than women. This mostly happens in children between the ages of 2 and 6.
The other risk factors or conditions that can increase the risk of nephrotic syndrome are:
The disease that can affect kidneys such as focal segment glomerulosclerosis, which is the scarring of the tissues present around the kidneys. In this condition, the glomeruli become inflamed and scarred eventually.
Certain medications can also result in the loss of kidney function; these include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics. Since it is the kidney that has to remove such waste, the chemicals salts that are found in them are hard to eliminate by diseased kidneys.
What are the main causes of nephrotic syndrome?
The conditions that can affect your kidneys in the first place are known to be the primary factors affecting nephrotic syndrome. While there are secondary conditions also that impact the other parts in the first place and then to the kidneys, such conditions are called secondary factors responsible for nephrotic syndrome.
- The primary causes of nephrotic syndrome are:
Minimal change disease: One of the leading causes of nephrotic syndrome in children is known to be minimal change disease. However, no doctor has the idea of the exact reasoning of how MCD affects kidney function. The tissues of the patients with MCD have healthy tissue when diagnosed under the microscope, and there are no ways you can figure out you have the disease. The common causes of MCD include infections from allergic reactions and excess consumption of NSAIDs.
FSGS: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis occurs when the filters of the kidneys called glomeruli gets scarred. It is known to be the prominent cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, primarily caused by a virus, such as HIV.
Membranous nephropathy: It is a condition in which the the membranes of the glomeruli get stocky. Membranous Nephropathy is mostly linked to cancer, malaria, hepatitis B, and lupus.
A blood clot in a kidney’s vein: Renal vein thrombosis is a condition in which veins connected to the kidneys get clotted and harm the kidneys eventually.
- Some secondary causes of nephrotic syndrome are:
Diabetes: Diabetes means the blood has a higher amount of blood glucose. The damage to the nephrons of the kidneys because of diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy.
Lupus: It is an inflammatory disease caused when the body attacks its organs such as kidneys, joints, brain, heart, and lungs.
Amyloidosis: When an abnormal protein called amyloid gets build up in the blood, it induces Amyloidosis. This obstructs the blood flow to the kidneys.
What are the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome?
The four main signs that can show up the occurrence of nephrotic syndrome are:
Foamy urine: The condition that comes along with nephrotic syndrome is proteinuria. During proteinuria, a protein called albumin gets slip from the blood.
Edema: When the waste gets accumulated in the cells and tissues, it results in a condition called swelling of the fete, ankles, and around face.
Hypoalbuminemia: It is a condition in which the albumin level in the blood gets too low.
Make an appointment with your doctor if you think you have the signs of nephrotic syndrome.
What are the complications of nephrotic syndrome?
The possible complications include:
- Blood clots: The loss of blood protein, which prevents clotting during nephrotic syndrome, increases the risk of thrombus in the veins.
- High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides: As you lose more protein albumin with nephrotic syndrome, the liver makes more albumins to compensate. And, also the liver releases more triglycerides and cholesterol.
- High blood pressure: The fluid retention results in increased blood flow against the wall of the stream.
- Acute kidney failure: Too much fluid and waste retention in the blood can manifest acute kidney failure.
- Developing Infections: People who have nephrotic syndrome has a risk of developing infections.
- Chronic kidney disease: Untreated nephrotic syndrome may slowly take the form of chronic kidney disease over time. If the kidney function completely fails, you may need to take nephrotic syndrome ayurvedic treatment.
Treatment for nephrotic syndrome
The best way to release the signs of nephrotic syndrome is to take the help of allopathy. But if you want to cure the roots, the best treatment of choice is Nephrotic syndrome Ayurvedic treatment. Apart from that, you can also adopt some preventive measures to prevent the nephrotic syndrome from progressing to renal failure.