What Is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a solid tumour cancer that usually appears as a nodule or mass in the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a quarter-sized, butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the front base of your throat. It produces hormones that control the body's temperature, metabolism, and heart rate

When malignant cells proliferate too quickly for the immune system to handle, thyroid cancer results. It can occur in any age group, although it mostly affects women three times more often than males. It is most frequent after the age of thirty. In older adults, thyroid cancer tends to be more aggressive.

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Types of Thyroid Cancer

There are four main types of thyroid cancer. These are-

  • Papillary cancer- Papillary cancer is the most common form of thyroid cancer. It usually affects 80% of thyroid cancer patients, especially women under the age of 40.
  • Follicular cancer- It is the second most common type of thyroid cancer. It tends to affect older people and is less common in children.
  • Medullary thyroid cancer- This kind is uncommon because it makes up only 3% of instances of thyroid cancer. Medullary carcinoma differs from other forms of thyroid cancer in that it may be unpleasant and sensitive to touch.
  • Anaplastic cancer- This is the rarest and most deadly type of thyroid cancer. It usually affects old people over 60 years old and has a very low cure rate.

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

The most common early sign of thyroid cancer is an unusual nodule, lump or swelling in the neck. Most thyroid nodules are usually benign, but it's important to see a cancer specialist for any unusual growths. Other early symptoms of thyroid cancer include-

  • Fatigue.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • Persistent cough not caused by a cold.
  • Neck pain.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Difficulty swallowing.

Risk Factors of Thyroid Cancer

Some factors that can increase your risk of thyroid cancer are-

  • A family history of a faulty gene (RET gene).
  • Having a thyroid disorder such as enlarged thyroid gland (goitre) or thyroid nodules.
  • Exposure to some forms of radiation, such as radiation therapy treatment in childhood.

What Are The Complications Of Thyroid Cancer?

It is possible for thyroid cancer to metastasis, or spread, to other areas of your body, including the liver, lungs, or bones. Early detection and treatment of thyroid cancer lowers the chance of metastases.

Why Karma Ayurveda?

Karma Ayurveda has years of experience and is committed to provide the best Ayurvedic care. Our goal is to give our patients the greatest real, organic ayurveda medicines so they can live long, fulfilling lives and remain healthy.

We are specialized in-

  • Panchakarma therapy.
  • Meditative healing.
  • Shirodhara.
  • Kati basti.
  • Leech therapy.
  • Cupping therapy.


Second Floor, 77, Block C, Tarun Enclave, Pitampura, New Delhi, Delhi, 110034

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